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It is the second most populous state in Brazil. Only the capital, Belo Horizonte, has around five million inhabitants in its metropolitan region. It is located in the southeastern region and is bordered by São Paulo to the south and southwest, Mato Grosso do Sul to the west, Goiás to the northwest (besides a small border with the Federal District), Espírito Santo to the east, Rio de Janeiro to the southeast and Bahia to the north and northeast.
Minas Gerais is the third richest state in the country, behind São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. In the economy, agriculture can be mentioned, with the production of coffee, sugar cane, soybeans, corn, pineapple, beans and bananas; and livestock, with beef cattle, swine, poultry and milk production. The industrial and service sectors are balanced in the state economy (45.4% and 46.3% of GDP).
The state has the third largest industrial park in the country and its highlights are the mining, metallurgical, automotive, food, textile, construction, chemical and non-metallic minerals industries.
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21 040 662 hab