The story

Nativist and liberation movements

Nativist and liberation movements

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Conjuration Baiana - 1798 - Bahia

The Bahian Conjuration, also known as the Tailors' Revolt (since its leaders exercised this office), was an emancipationist movement, which took place at the time of the 18th century, at the then Captaincy of Bahia, in the State of Brazil. Unlike Inconfidência Mineira (1789), it has a popular character.

Piedade Square, place of execution of the conjured

Meeting of the Knights of Light discussing the end of colonial oppression.

To understand the outbreak of the movement, we must refer to the transfer of the capital to Rio de Janeiro in 1763. With this change, Salvador (former capital) suffered from the loss of privileges and the reduction of resources destined for the city. Added to this factor, the increase in taxes and colony demands significantly worsened the living conditions of the local population.

Poor people suffered from rising cost of living, food shortages and racial prejudice. The agitations were constant. Between 1797 and 1798 there were several looting of Salvador's trade warehouses, and even the slaves who brought the meat to the commanding general were robbed. The starving population stole meat and flour. In early 1798, the gallows, a symbol of colonial power, were set on fire. Discontent also grew in the barracks, where incidents involving soldiers and officers became frequent. There were, therefore, in this tense climate, favorable conditions for the circulation of the ideas of Equality, Freedom, and Fraternity.

The ideas

The rebellious preached the liberation of slaves, the establishment of an egalitarian government, where people were seen according to individual capacity and merit, the establishment of a Republic in Bahia and the freedom of commerce and the increase of soldiers' salaries. These ideas were disseminated, especially by the writings of the soldier Luiz Gonzaga of the Virgins and pamphlets by Cipriano Barata, physician and philosopher.

The uprising

On August 12, 1798, the movement precipitated when some of its members, distributing leaflets at church doors and pasting them around city corners, alerted the authorities, who immediately reacted by arresting them. As in the Minas Conjuration, when questioned, they ended up denouncing the others involved.

One of these leaflets stated:
"Cheer up The Bahai people who are about to come the happy time of our Freedom: the time when we will all be brothers: the time when we will all be equal."(in: RUY, Afonso. Brazil's first social revolution. P. 68.)


  1. Eluwilussit

    Yes, in my opinion, they already write about this on every fence :)

  2. Arashitilar

    You are wrong.

  3. Bikr

    It's easier to say than to do.

  4. Baldassare

    I apologize, but in my opinion you are wrong. Write to me in PM.

  5. Cris

    brute force)

  6. Upwode

    No, not myself .. I read it somewhere

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