The story

The Bible - Classical Antiquity

The Bible - Classical Antiquity


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The holy book of Christians can be divided into two parts: Old and New Testament. The first part tells of the creation of the world, history, Jewish traditions, laws, the lives of prophets, and the coming of the Messiah. In the New Testament, written after the death of Jesus, it talks about the life of the Messiah, mainly.

Main religious parties

Christmas: Celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ (celebrated every December 25).

Easter: celebrates the resurrection of Christ.

Pentecost: Celebrates 50 days after Easter and remembers the descent and anointing of the Holy Spirit to the apostles.

The ten Commandments

According to Christianity, Moses received two stone tablets containing the Ten Commandments:

1. You shall have no other gods before me.
2. Thou shalt not make unto thee a graven image, neither bow to them, nor serve them.
3. Thou shalt not pronounce the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
4. Remember the Sabbath day to sanctify it. Six days you will work, but the seventh day
It is the Sabbath of your Lord your God. You shall not do any work.
5. Honor your father and mother.
6. Thou shalt not kill.
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
8. Thou shalt not steal.
9. Thou shalt not bear false witness, thou shalt not lie.
10. Thou shalt not covet the neighbor's wife, nor her house, and her goods.

Today we find three branches of Christianity: Catholicism, Protestantism, and the Orthodox Church.

Islam - with about 1.1 billion to 1.3 billion supporters is in second place. Hometown of Prophet Muhammad (founder of Islam): Mecca (most sacred place for Muslims). According to the Quran, every believer should visit her at least once in her life (if she can afford it).

Islam is a monotheistic religion that arose in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century, based on the religious teachings of the prophet Muhammad (Muhammad) and in a holy scripture, the Quran. Religion is still known for Islam.

In the Muslim view, Islam arose from the creation of man, that is, from Adam, being the first prophet among countless others, for various peoples, being the last of them Muhammad.

About two hundred years after Muhammad, Islam had already spread throughout the Middle East, North Africa and the Iberian peninsula, as well as towards ancient Persia and India. Islam later hit Anatolia, the Balkans, and sub-Saharan Africa. Recent migratory movements of Muslim populations towards Europe and the Americas have led to the emergence of Muslim communities in these territories.

The message of Islam is characterized by its simplicity: to attain salvation it is enough to believe in one God, to pray five times a day, to undergo the annual fast in the month of Ramadan, to pay for ritual gifts and to make a pilgrimage to the Lord if possible. Mecca city.

Islam is viewed by its adherents as a way of life that includes instructions that relate to all aspects of human activity, whether political, social, financial, legal, military or interpersonal. The western distinction between the spiritual and the temporal is, in theory, alien to Islam.


Quran


Visitors in Mecca

Islam teaches six main beliefs:

  • The belief in Allah (Allah), only existing God;
  • Belief in Angels, beings created by Allah;
  • Belief in the Holy Books, including the Torah, the Psalms, and the Gospel. The Quran is the last and complete holy book, constituting the collection of teachings revealed by Allah to the prophet Muhammad;
  • Belief in various prophets sent to mankind, of which Muhammad is the last;
  • The belief in Judgment Day, in which each person's actions will be evaluated;
  • Belief in Predestination: Allah knows and has the power to decide what happens to each person.

Hinduism - with its 851.291.000 fans coming a little behind third. Angkor Wat, Cambodia, is considered the largest religious architectural complex on the planet with its 2.1 km² in area, equivalent to 300 football fields.


Universal symbol of hinduism

India's main religion, Hinduism is a kind of union of beliefs with lifestyles. Their religious culture is the union of ethnic traditions. It is currently the third largest religion in the world in number of followers. It originates in approximately 3000 BC in the ancient Vedic culture.

Hinduism as we know it today is the union of different cultural and religious manifestations. In addition to India, it has a large following in countries such as Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.