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History of Atmore, Alabama

History of Atmore, Alabama

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Atmore was founded in Escambia County, two miles from Florida state line in southern Alabama along Highway 31. Prior to the arrival of white settlers, the area was populated with Creek Indians.Following the Civil War in the 1860s, the Mobile & Great Northern Railroad extended its line south to the Tensaw River near Mobile. Just a supply stop along the railroad, it was simply called Williams Station in 1866.A railroad station, a store containing the post office, and one dwelling were built in the 1870s. Carney is often known as "the father of Atmore," because of his many contributions to the community.Williams Station had enough inhabitants to have its own polling place by 1885 and votes were first cast in a county election. Atmore, the general ticket agent on the Louisville Nashville Railroad that then extended to Mobile.Atmore's most famous resident is Evander Holyfield. Born in Atmore in 1962, his family moved to Atlanta when he was very young. Holyfield went on to become the Heavyweight Boxing Champion of the World.

The settlement was originally named Austin, after Alex Austin, who selected the location as a site for a station along the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. The railroad company later renamed the town Ardmore, for the community of Ardmore, Pennsylvania. Ardmore, Alabama was incorporated in 1922. [5]

Main Street is the state line. The road heading northbound/westbound is in Tennessee, while southbound/eastbound is in Alabama.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km 2 ), all land.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940381 43.2%
1950408 7.1%
1960439 7.6%
1970761 73.3%
19801,096 44.0%
19901,090 −0.5%
20001,034 −5.1%
20101,194 15.5%
2019 (est.)1,463 [3] 22.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

Ardmore first appeared on the 1930 U.S. Census as an incorporated town. [9]

2000 Census data Edit

At the 2000 census there were 1,034 people, 460 households, and 276 families in the town. The population density was 506.8 people per square mile (195.7/km 2 ). There were 506 housing units at an average density of 248.0 per square mile (95.8/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the town was 96.23% White, 0.87% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. 1.74% [10] were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 460 households 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 36.5% of households were made up of individuals, and 21.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.25, and the average family size was 2.96.

The age distribution was 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males.

The median household income was $28,352 and the median family income was $40,673. Males had a median income of $29,531 versus $19,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,447. About 10.7% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 30.7% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census Edit

At the 2010 census there were 1,194 people, 505 households, and 333 families in the town. The population density was 517 people per square mile (195.1/km 2 ). There were 578 housing units at an average density of 289 per square mile (109.1/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the town was 94.3% White, 1.9% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, .6% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.3%. [11] were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 505 households 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 31.5% of households were made up of individuals, and 18.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.36, and the average family size was 2.97.

The age distribution was 24.9% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% 65 or older. The median age was 37.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median household income was $32,196 and the median family income was $36,779. Males had a median income of $31,600 versus $37,841 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,931. About 13.0% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

Historic Demographics Edit

Population &
Majority [a]
(White, Non-
Hispanic 1980-
Black Hispanic
Asian Pacific
Other 2 or More
1930 [b] [9] 266 (-) [c] [d] 248th (-) 2nd (-)
1940 [12] 381 ↑ 219th 2nd X [e]
1950 [13] 408 ↑ 260th [f] ↓ 2nd X
1960 [14] 439 ↑ 259th 2nd X
1970 [15] 761 ↑ 238th 2nd X
1980 [g] [16] 1,096 ↑ 238th X 2nd X 1,073 ↑ 97.9% [h] 8 (-) 0.7% 10 (-) 0.9% 2 (-) 0.2% 2 (-) 0.2% 1 (-) 0.1%
1990 [17] 1,090 ↓ 250th 2nd X 1,065 ↓ 97.7% 18 ↑ 1.7% 6 ↓ 0.6% 1 ↓ 0.1%
2000 [18] 1,034 ↓ 277th 2nd X 988 ↓ 95.6% 9 ↓ 0.9% 181.7%5 ↑ 0.5% 8 (-) 0.8% 1 (-) 0.1% 12 (-) 1.2%4 (-) 0.4%
2010 [19] 1,194 282nd 4th [i] ↓ 1,119 ↑ 93.7% 231.9% 16 ↓ 1.3% 90.8% 110.9% 1 X 0.1% 7 ↓ 0.6% 171.4%

There is a high school in Ardmore, Alabama called “Ardmore High School” and it has around 1,008 students. [20] The high school consists of two separate parts: the middle school, where grades six through eight attend, and the high school, where grades nine through twelve attend. The school was founded in 1915 the five acres of land cost a total of five dollars and was generously donated to the school. Residents of Ardmore helped construct the school building for an entire year. The original school building was only two stories tall. There were classrooms, a library, and a study hall area on the first floor, and they put a stage on the second floor of the building. In 1917, the doors of the school opened to welcome its first students. Ten years later, Ardmore High School received its accreditation. The school’s mission statement since its opening has been: "The mission and purpose of Ardmore High School is to provide appropriate learning opportunities that promote academic, physical, and ethical growth of students enabling them to become productive citizens in an ever-changing society." [21]

Ardmore is the setting of a song by Old Crow Medicine Show called "Alabama High-Test," on the album Tennessee Pusher. [22]

History of Atmore, Alabama - History

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History of Atmore, Alabama - History

Some 56 years ago or so, Martin Weber of Atmore, Alabama, went to prison not as a convict, but as a preacher called to minister the Gospel of Jesus Christ even unto the least of these. Where others saw only human weeds, brambles, thorns and tares, Martin, by the power of the Holy Spirit, saw soul-fields ripe for harvest. And harvest he did, for almost 20 years as a chaplain with the Alabama Department of Corrections.

In Atmore at Fountain Correctional Facility, and later at Holman, Martin found prisons filled with men who, no matter what horrible crimes they may have committed, were created in the image of God, and by the marvelous grace of that same God, could yet become all that they were created to be. But Martin soon realized that the harvest was much too vast for a single laborer. Eventually he was able to convince Department of Corrections officials to allow volunteer ministers to come in to help.

New Life Foundation was established in 1970 with an emphasis on free-world volunteers teaching Bible classes to inmates in the Atmore prisons. In 1983 the name was changed to We Care Program when the prison ministry and a sister crime prevention program were combined into one organization. Since then the crime prevention aspect has been phased out, and today the core of our mission remains the original focus of in-prison ministry. The ministry has grown beyond Atmore to include missionary chaplains and associates in Birmingham and Montgomery, Alabama, as well as Florida and Ohio.


It is said that, centuries ago, our ancestors came from the west, descending from the mountains. The Creator sent down a cedar pole and instructed our people to stand the pole upright and travel in the direction it fell. They followed it for countless days and nights as, each day, the pole fell east. Finally they reached the coast with an endless ocean before them. They asked the Creator if they were to live here and were told to follow the pole one more day and night. The pole fell to the west and they followed. At dawn they discovered a rich and fertile land, teeming with life. The sacred pole stood upright. They had reached their home.

The Creek Indians, along with other southeastern tribes such as the Choctaws and Cherokees, are descended from the peoples of the Mississippian period (circa AD 800-1500). In the 16th century, the arrival of European settlers brought epidemics, violence and unrest to the southeast United States, resulting in a scattering of the region’s indigenous peoples.

In the 17th century, these diverse populations joined together and established settlements along the central Chattahoochee River, the lower Tallapoosa River and the central Coosa River in what is now east-central Alabama. For the next two centuries, these areas were the heart of what became the Creek Nation, and these new towns (“etvlwv” in the Muskogee language of the Creeks) became the centers of Creek political and ceremonial life.

The early Creeks had an economy based on farming, hunting and fishing. Common crops were maize (corn), beans and squash – the “Three Sisters” – known to flourish if planted in close proximity to each other. The Creeks lived in simple log cabins with earthen floors and stick and mud chimneys, and they used a fireplace or outdoor fire pit for cooking. Somewhat isolated, they were resourceful and self-sufficient, living according to the rhythm of the land.

In the late 1700’s, the center of the Creek Nation was along the intersection of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers near Montgomery. The ancestors of the Poarch Creek Indians lived along the Alabama River, including areas from Wetumpka south to the Tensaw settlement. In the 1790 Treaty of New York, the Creeks gave the U.S. government permission to use and improve the Indian trail through Alabama to facilitate American settlement following the Louisiana Purchase. A Poarch Creek ancestor, Sam Moniac, was one of the signers of that treaty. It is a point of pride that, years later, his descendant David Moniac became the first Native American to graduate from West Point.

After the Treaty of New York, the Creeks were allowed to establish businesses along the Indian trails to accommodate travelers passing through Indian Territory. One of these Indian trails was widened and became the Federal Road, a major thoroughfare for the migration of settlers. Ancestors of the Poarch Creeks moved down the Alabama River to meet demand, serving as guides, interpreters, ferrymen and river pilots for those passing through Creek Territory. They also operated inns and raised cattle, acquiring land along the Alabama River from Tensaw to Claiborne and eastward along Little River.

The Creek Nation grew steadily over these years and into the early 19th Century. It is estimated that the population in the 1680s was 9,000, rising to 20,000 during the Revolutionary War and to approximately 22,000 by 1830.

As more and more settlers traveled the Federal Road, a growing number began stopping within the Creek Nation with the intention of settling on Indian land. This increased tensions not only between the Creeks and the settlers but also within the Tribe itself. The issue was so divisive that even families were sometimes split. While some Creeks chose to adopt the culture of European settlers in order to maintain peace, others armed themselves for resistance. The latter became known as the Red Sticks because they raised “the red stick of war,” a favored weapon and symbolic Creek war declaration.

In 1813, an attack on peaceful Creek towns prompted the Red Sticks to retaliate, beginning the Creek or Red Stick War. Creeks and settlers alike sought shelter at Fort Mims, about 20 miles west of present-day Poarch. However, the Red Sticks were able to breach the fort and what followed was a fierce battle of which few survived.

Though the dispute began as a Tribal civil war, it soon transformed into an American war against the Creeks. The U.S. Army and various state militias joined the battle against the Red Sticks as an opportunity to eradicate Creek power. The strategy was successful. The final battle at Horseshoe Bend resulted in the total defeat of the Creek Nation. Subsequently, General Andrew Jackson forced the surviving Creeks to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814, ceding much of their ancestral homelands to the U.S. government.

Unfortunately, the Treaty of Fort Jackson was only the beginning of the devastation to come, not just for the Creeks but for all southeastern Indian tribes. Gold had been discovered in Georgia, and the Creeks had developed and cultivated rich agricultural farmlands in Alabama. In response, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830, a shattering assault on human rights.

The Indian removal came to be known as the Trail of Tears because of the destruction and human suffering it caused. With the promise of unsettled land elsewhere, the tribes were forcibly marched more than 1,000 miles west, across nine states, to live in what would become Oklahoma. Those who resisted removal were forced out at gunpoint with no time to collect their belongings, their homes looted by white settlers as they left. Of the 22,000 Creek Indians who set out on the Trail of Tears, only half actually made it to Oklahoma. Creek Tribal Chief Sam Moniac was among the approximately 4000 who died on the Trail due to exposure, starvation and disease.

The policy of Indian removal was controversial then and now. It was met with strong opposition and bitter debate at the time of the law’s passage, and modern-day critics have referred to it as ethnic cleansing and genocide.

In 1987, Congress designated the Trail of Tears a National Historic Trail to acknowledge and pay tribute to those who suffered and died there.

“…as the blood runs through your veins, it also runs through the ones that were on the Trail of Tears… So, if you are Indian, you are part of my people.”

Despite the removal effort, several Creek families in the Tensaw community were able to escape expulsion during the Trail of Tears. Those who had been loyal to the U.S. government or had worked as scouts and traders were allowed to remain and were awarded land grants. William Weatherford (Red Eagle), who played a prominent role in the Creek War, was among those who stayed. Another who remained was Lynn McGhee. Because the government had sold his original homestead, McGhee was granted new parcels of land in Escambia County, Alabama, an act that would prove providential to our current day Tribe. Those allowed to retain their original land included the families of Moniac (Manac), Hollinger, Sizemore, Stiggins, Bailey, Colbert, Semoice, Marlow, Gibson and Smith.

By 1836, the Tensaw settlement was well populated. However, the timber companies had purchased large tracts of land which left little available for land grants. As a consequence, those families receiving grants at that time moved inland away from the river into the Poarch area near the Head of Perdido (Headapadea) and Huxford in order to find sufficient tracts of land.

Separated from the rest of the Creeks, these Indian families worked and lived alongside each other and, over time, became a distinct Tribe unto themselves – the Poarch Creek Indians.

In the years following the Indian Removal, Poarch Creek ancestors endured severe hardship and discrimination and struggled to provide for their families. Many of the original land grants were lost to swindlers and armed squatters. In some cases, land was sold under duress, the result of pressure and fear tactics, or abandoned out of the need to find work to survive.

Sharecropping became a common practice among Poarch ancestors. Those families who were without land grants moved around the region for work and sometimes even moved away. For a few decades, Poarch ancestors who had stayed in Alabama exchanged visits with their close relatives in Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Some even voluntarily relocated to Oklahoma in the hope of a better life and to reunite with loved ones. But as the years passed, so did many elders and, along with them, the bonds with family in Indian Territory were sometimes lost.

Lynn McGhee passed in 1848, the last to still hold his original land reservation. He had been unable to acquire his full allotment within the same section so his land consisted of two parcels. In 1840, his allotment in Red Hill was occupied by his family and other members of the Tribe. Upon his death, they remained on the land but relocated southwest to the area at the head of the Perdido River.

In 1850, the U.S. government was petitioned to order transfer of the families who continued to occupy the land they had been granted, removing them to Indian Territory in the Arkansas District. But the debate over the removal request was eventually overshadowed by a bigger issue­—the Civil War. When Alabama seceded from the United States in 1861, many Poarch ancestors answered the call to serve. However, the fear of removal continued throughout the war and beyond, as more and more Indian land and natural resources were sought by the surrounding non-Indian population.

In the late 1800s, with the Civil War ended and the country focused on other issues, the existence of the Creek Indians was mostly ignored by the federal government. Though they were increasingly disadvantaged economically, the Poarch Creeks shared a strong bond of family, tradition and heritage. There were four primary communities: Hog Fork, Bell Creek, Poarch Switch and Headapadea. Tribal Members lived solitary rural lives with little outside contact. Most worked the land as farm laborers, cattle herders or in the timber or turpentine industries.


Just as Jim Crow laws discriminated against the African American community, the Indian population at Poarch was also the victim of increasing discrimination as the years passed. Indian-only schools and churches became the norm in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Burials took place in an Indian-only cemetery on land donated by a freed slave.

The turn of the 20th century saw the first truly organized efforts by the Poarch Creeks to improve social and economic conditions for the Tribe. In 1920, the federal government halted the illegal taxation of trust land by Escambia County, Alabama. There was also federal litigation on behalf of the Poarch community that outlawed the illegal cutting of timber on grant land.

Throughout this time, the church played a critical role in helping ease the burdens of the community. Episcopal missionaries Dr. Robert C. Macy and his wife Anna began working in Poarch in 1929, providing basic medical care and spiritual counsel. They oversaw the construction of St. Anna’s Episcopal Church, which stands to this day and is named after Anna Macy. The couple also started St. John’s in the Wilderness, which is no longer standing. These churches proved to be important touchstones for the community, even serving as schools for Indian children. Every Sunday morning you could hear the Episcopal Church bell ring.

Education was the spark that would lead to reform and self-determination among the Poarch Indians. In 1949, Escambia County opened what became known as the Poarch Consolidated School to provide Indian children a “separate but equal” education—but only through the sixth grade. In response, the community rose up and forced local authorities to provide bus service so Indian children could continue their education at the county junior high and high school. Educational opportunities continued to improve as the years passed and, in the early 1990’s, the Tribe restored the Poarch Consolidated School which had been closed in 1970 with desegregation. It remains today as an important symbol of the Tribe’s history and solidarity.

Leadership within the Poarch Creek Tribe was not formalized until 1950. Prior to this, leaders such as Fred Walker, who served from 1885 until the 1940s, rose naturally from the community.

Escambia County

Little River State Forest Located in south Alabama on the Florida border, Escambia County is home to portions of the Conecuh National Forest and the Poarch Creek Indian Reservation, the only recognized Native American group in the state of Alabama. The county is governed by an elected five-member commission and includes five incorporated communities. The name likely came from the Creek word for "clear water" or the Choctaw word for "canebrake."
  • Founding Date: December 10, 1868
  • Area: 951 square miles
  • Population: 37,875 (2016 Census estimates)
  • Major Waterways: Conecuh River
  • Major Highways: I-65, U.S. 31, U.S. 29
  • County Seat: Brewton
  • Largest City: Atmore
Escambia County Courthouse Escambia County was created by an act of the Alabama State Legislature on December 10, 1868, from portions of Baldwin and Conecuh Counties. On July 27, 1813, the Battle of Burnt Corn Creek, one of the more significant battles of the Creek War of 1813-1814, took place in what is now Escambia County. In July 1813, Peter McQueen, a Creek warrior of the Red Stick faction, secured a cache of weapons from the British and Spanish at what is now Pensacola, Florida. U.S. troops ambushed McQueen and the Red Sticks on the banks of Burnt Corn Creek but were then routed by a Red Stick counterattack. The Red Sticks considered the act a declaration of war and retaliated with the infamous Fort Mims Massacre. At the time of the battle, the site was part of Conecuh County although the actual site has not been located, most sources now place it in Escambia County. Flomaton Area Railroad Museum Fort Crawford was established in 1816 to monitor the activities of the Spanish in Florida and defend against increasing conflicts with the Creek Indians. The majority of the Creeks were forcibly removed from their ancestral homeland in the 1830s, with those who remained, centered largely around Atmore, becoming known as the Poarch Creek. The only federally recognized tribe in the state, they continue to live in and around their reservation in Poarch, where they operate a series of casinos. In 1861, the town of Pollard was established at the juncture of the Alabama & Florida and the Mobile & Great Northern railroad lines. It would be named the county seat in 1868. Steamboats once traversed the Conecuh River carrying cargo to and from Pollard. The town was, in its heyday, an important rail center and was a vital Confederate military post during the Civil War. In January 1865, Pollard was the site of a battle between Confederate troops under Gen. James Holt Clanton and a force of federal raiders. Old Escambia County Courthouse The town was later burned. One of the South's greatest train robberies happened near Pollard on September 2, 1890, when the notorious "Robin Hood of Alabama" Rube Burrow forced the engineer to stop the train on the trestle across Big Escambia Creek. Burrows made his getaway but was trailed through Monroe County into Marengo County, where he was killed in a gun battle. The town of Brewton was named the county seat in 1880 after it outpaced Pollard in population and commerce. Brewton is the birthplace of the legend of Railroad Bill. Stories about Railroad Bill, an armed African American vagrant who rode the boxcars between Flomaton and Mobile, surfaced in 1895 along the tracks of the Louisville and Nashville line. The legend of Railroad Bill has been immortalized in song, theater, and fiction. Dairy Cattle For most of the twentieth century, timber has been the dominant industry in the county, and Swift Lumber Company remains one of the largest employers in the area. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, turpentine was a major economic driver in the region. For many years, Vanity Fair lingerie operated a manufacturing plant in the city of Atmore, but it closed in the late 1990s. In 1952, oil was discovered in the town of Pollard.
  • Educational services, and health care and social assistance (17.9 percent)
  • Manufacturing (16.6 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (11.5 percent)
  • Retail trade (11.0 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (8.3 percent)
  • Public administration (7.8 percent)
  • Construction (6.4 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (5.3 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (5.3 percent)
  • Finance and insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (4.5 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (2.3 percent)
  • Wholesale trade (2.1 percent)
  • Information (1.0 percent)
Escambia County Map Escambia County encompasses approximately 951 square miles in south Alabama, within the East Gulf Coastal Plain physiographic section. It is bounded to the east by Covington County, to the south by Escambia County, Florida, to the west by Baldwin and Monroe Counties, and to the north by Conecuh County. A portion of Conecuh National Forest lies in the southeast corner of the county. The Conecuh River flows southwest through the eastern half of the county, as do several of its tributaries: Burnt Corn, Murder, Cedar, and Little and Big Escambia Creeks. Interstate 65 runs north-south in the western part of the county, and U.S. 31 and U.S 29 run east-west through the eastern and southern half of the county.

Wind Creek Casino and Hotel Atmore is home to the Poarch Band Creek Indian Reservation, which offers casino gambling and operates the Poarch Creek Indians Museum. Every November, the reservation hosts the Poarch Creek Band Indian Pow Wow. Every summer, the town of Brewton hosts its annual Blueberry Festival at Burnt Corn Creek Park. The Thomas E. McMillan Museum, located on the Brewton campus of Jefferson Davis Community College, includes displays relating to the culture, archaeology, and history of Escambia County. Little River State Forest offers canoeing, bird watching, swimming, and fishing and is one of the few sites in the state that offers opportunities for disabled hunters.

Heritage of Escambia County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., 2002.

About RSTC

Reid State Technical College is a degree-granting, two-year institution that provides quality academic and technical education to students from diverse backgrounds and abilities. The college promotes economic growth by preparing a qualified workforce for business and industry.

History and Purpose:

A Foundation for the Future

Reid State Technical College was created by the Alabama State Legislature through a State statute on May 3, 1963. Through this enabling legislation, the College was chartered to provide citizens of the area greater and equal access to postsecondary education to help provide a trained workforce for area employers to assist in the economic development of the area.

Local support for the establishment of the College was provided by the City of Evergreen with the donation of 26 acres of land in north Evergreen at the intersection of Interstate 65 and state Highway 83, which became the institution&rsquos main campus. From this campus, the College has provided quality postsecondary education programs for the College&rsquos main service area, which includes Conecuh Monroe, and Escambia counties and portions of Butler,Covington, and Wilcox counties.

In 1981, Reid State established an off-site location in the city of Atmore for the College&rsquos Practical Nursing program.

The architectural firm of Carl H. Lancaster, Jr., Montgomery, Alabama, designed and supervised

construction of the main campus facilities consisting of the administration building, seven shops, laboratory buildings, and a warehouse. The Wiley Salter Auditorium and Administration Building was completed in 1986 with students from selected programs at the College doing most of the construction work.

During 1989 and 1990, major renovations were initiated for the creation of a learning center and high tech training laboratories for specialized training in computer software applications, programmable logic controllers, and instrumentation systems.

In 1993 and 1994, major renovations were conducted for the creation of a modern practical nursing facility to more closely resemble clinical facilities.

In 1995, the cosmetology department was renovated and expanded.

The Workforce Development Center, (located in the prior Hillcrest Career Technical Center) managed

and operated by Reid State, was opened in 2004.

In 2005, the Stanley Busby Commercial Truck Driving Classroom and the Edith A. Gray Library and Technology Center both were completed.

In 2009, the Atmore Practical Nursing classes were moved to the campus of Jefferson Davis Community College in Atmore which served as a satellite campus.

In 2012, the Atmore Practical Nursing classes were moved to 201 Brookwood Road, Atmore, Alabama.

In 2014, the Nursing Assistant/Home Health Aide program was also relocated to 201 Brookwood Road in Atmore and the Child Development and Education program was relocated to the main campus.

It is the policy of Reid State Technical College not to discriminate against any person on the grounds of race, color, disability, gender, religion, creed, national origin, or age, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program, activity, or employment.

History & Mission

On January 4, 2021, United Bank, founded as the Bank of Atmore, celebrated 117 years of service to the South Alabama and Northwest Florida communities we so proudly serve. During these years, we endured two world wars, the Great Depression, and countless other political and economic events. We consider those years a success for the simple fact that we survived. That alone places us among few other banks that can boast the same distinction.

Another way that we might evaluate these 117 years is in terms of growth. When we opened in January 1904, the Bank of Atmore had paid capital stock of $15,000 and by October 1904, we had assets totaling $44,668. Growth and prosperity endured through the decades. During the 1960s and 1970s, the bank expanded its Main office time and again and the bank opened its Flomaton branch as well as a new Atmore branch. At the end of 1978, the bank experienced the most rapid growth in its history achieving a growth rate of 406 percent. We concluded the decade in 1979 with total assets of $45.7 million.

During 1982, the Bank of Atmore created a holding company, United Bancorporation of Alabama, Inc., purchased its Frisco City location and opened a branch in Monroeville. It also began operating as United Bank, and headed into this decade with a host of technological improvements including ATMs, Advantage 24 Bankline telephone service, check imaging, and more. In the late 1990s, additional branches were opened in Foley, Lillian and Bay Minette. United Bank started the 21st century with continued growth by opening full service branches in Silverhill, Magnolia Springs, Summerdale, and a second office in Bay Minette. We entered Florida with full service branching in Jay and Milton, Florida in 2005. The Business Banking Center was opened in Loxley in November of 2006. The Pace, Florida branch was opened in 2007 along with a new office in the Eastern Shore Centre. We recently opened a full service branch located just behind the Loxley Business Center bringing our total branches to seventeen in addition to three specialized loan offices. In 2020, our company has continued to organically grow with the addition of two offices, one in Semmes and one in Daphne.

Today, United Bank is routinely recognized as one of America's strongest banks by national bank ratings firms. United Bank's Internet Banking is an exciting opportunity to better serve our customers and introduce others to United Bank's style of "high tech, high touch" banking by developing financial products and services that help our customers live and work and offer customer service and convenience, too. We are committed to the communities of South Alabama and Northwest Florida. Our past, present and future prosperity is founded upon this singular mission.

The first female football player, a forgotten story from Atmore, Alabama

Traditionally, football has always been considered a boy’s sport, but a young girl at Escambia High in Atmore, Escambia County, Alabama challenged this practice when she became the first female to score in an American football game in 1939 and in 1940.

“Luverne “Toad” Wise became the kicker for the Atmore (now Escambia County) Alabama High School Blue Devils in 1939 and 1940 after she and several other girls watching on the sideline grumbled that the school spent lavishly for boys’ athletics but nothing for girls.”

Coach Andrew Edington told the girls that nothing in the rules prevented them from playing and four decided to try out. He handed them a football to kick and told them he would put them in a scrimmage.

Coach Edington figured that would run the girls off, but when he noticed Luverne Wise kick with fluidity, he got an idea: He would teach her to kick extra points and she would pack the stadium.

VINEGAR OF THE FOUR THIEVES: Recipes & curious tips from the past

Life magazine, movie newsreels, and newspapers across the nation carried stories on the smiling, bare-legged kicker who wore a white blouse, a blue skirt and no pads. Escambia High promoted her appearances on posters and in flyers, and busloads of fans came from as far as New Orleans, 180 miles away, to see her.

Later in life, “Luverne Wise became an excellent golfer, but she seldom participated in sports after high school,” said her widowed husband Tony Albert in 1985. Luverne died from a heart attack at age 60 in 1982. The couple ran an Atmore sporting goods store for 39 years until her death.

Pictured, Susan Moorhead, left, and Toni McMurphy display their mom Luverne Wise-Albert’s uniform and cleats as well as a picture of her when she served as the ECHS place kicker in the early 1940s.

The couple’s daughters, Susan Moorhead and Toni McMurphy, said “ their mother made the team as a kicker, despite never having kicked before.”

“It wasn’t until later that the women realized the significance of what their mother accomplished. Moorhead said she believes her mom was the first female football player in the country.”

Luverne was inducted into Atmore Area Hall of Fame in June 2011.

ALABAMA FOOTPRINTS Confrontation: Lost & Forgotten Stories

  • Tecumseh Causes Earthquake
  • Terrified Settlers Abandon Farms
  • Survivor Stories From Fort Mims Massacre
  • Hillabee Massacre
  • Threat of Starvation Men Turn To Mutiny
  • Red Eagle After The War

With the growth and development of the Poarch Band of Creek Indians, the relationship between Alabama and its only federally recognized Tribe has deepened into a mutually beneficial partnership. And as the Tribe’s economic impact on the state has increased, its influence has grown—from the halls of the legislature to charitable foundations to leading organizations throughout the state.

The mission of the Poarch Band of Creek Indians is to protect our inherent rights as a sovereign American Indian Tribe, promote our culture and beliefs, to help our Tribal Members achieve their highest potential, maintain good relations with other Indian Tribes and units of government,acquire, develop and conserve resources to achieve economic and social self-sufficiency, and ensure that our people live in peace and harmony among themselves and with others.

Atmore, Alabama

Atmore, Alabama, in Escambia county, is 39 miles NE of Mobile, Alabama (center to center) and 170 miles NE of New Orleans, Louisiana.

Atmore History

Atmore was originally inhabited by the Creek Indians. The city's development began after the American Civil War in the 1860's, when the Mobile and Great Northern railroad first entered the area. At that time, it was named Williams Station. Later in 1897, the city was renamed after C.P. Atmore, the General Ticket Agent of Louisville Nashville Railroad. The city's economic development largely depended on the agriculture and timber industries.

Atmore and nearby Attractions

  • Claude D. Kelley State Park
  • Turtle Point Environmental Science Center
  • Little River State Forest
  • American Sport Art Museum
  • Carlen House
  • Museum of Mobile

Things To Do In Atmore

Atmore has a number of parks and playgrounds such as the South Eighth Avenue City Park, Westside Park, and North Eighth Avenue City Park. You can also visit Claude D. Kelley State Park and Little River State Forest. One can spend their leisure time at the Turtle Point Environmental Science Center. You can enjoy shopping at the Atmore Plaza Shopping Center. The city hosts several special events and festivals each year including Williams Station Day, Mayfest, and South Alabama Old Time Fiddlers' Convention.

Atmore Transportation

Flights can be availed from Pensacola Regional Airport.

Atmore Higher Education

There are several colleges and universities that offer higher educational facilities including James H Faulkner State Community College, University of West Florida, Bishop State Community College, and many more.

Watch the video: Another River to Cross - The Alabama Indian (July 2022).


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  2. Kigalkree

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