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Scientist, feminist leader and Paulista politician (1894-1976). It is one of the pioneers of the struggle for women's vote and for equal rights between men and women in the country.
Berta Maria Julia Lutz (2/8 / 1894-16 / 9/1976) is born in the city of São Paulo, daughter of the scientist Adolfo Lutz. Graduated in natural sciences from the University of Paris, the Sorbonne, specializing in anuran amphibians, a subclass that includes frogs, frogs and tree frogs. In 1919 begins to stand out in the pursuit of equality of legal rights between the sexes, becoming the second woman to enter the Brazilian public service, after being approved in a contest of the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro - the first is Maria José Rabelo Castro Mendes, admitted in 1918 at Itamaraty. In the same year he founded the League for the Intellectual Emancipation of Women. In 1922, she represents the Brazilian women at the general assembly of the League of Women Electors in the United States, where she is elected vice president of the Pan American Society. Upon his return, he creates the Brazilian Federation for Women's Progress, which replaces the league created in 1919 to direct the struggle for the extension of voting rights to women. Female voting rights are established by President Getúlio Vargas' decree only ten years later, in 1932. In 1936, he assumed a deputy seat in the Federal Chamber. During her tenure, she defends the change of legislation related to the work of women and minors, proposing equal pay, the three-month leave for the pregnant woman and the reduction of working hours, then 13 hours. Dies in Rio de Janeiro.